Light toasts are typically toasted at a low temperature for a longer period of time. This breaks down tannins and hemicellulose, and facilitates the formation of vanillin, the chemical compound from lignin that is responsible for the vanilla flavors and aroma. Typically, smoky flavors are not present in light toasts, and wood flavors, along with vanilla, are prevalent.
For white wine, 1 cup of chips is recommended. Try 2 cups for a red wine. Simply boil in water for 10 minutes, then drain and place the chips in your plastic or glass fermenter before transferring. 4 OZ Bag.